How It's Made
Benzene is produced from five main sources:
- Reformers: catalytic reforming of naphtha
- Steam Crackers: recovery from ethylene plant pyrolysis gasoline
- Hydrodealkylation (HDA): conversion of toluene and/or xylenes to benzene
- Toluene Disproportionation (TDP): conversion of toluene to benzene and xylenes
- Transalkylation (TA): conversion of toluene and C9/C10 aromatics to benzene and xylenes
Chevron Phillips Chemical's Aromax® Technology is expected to be utilized more in the future because the process uses light naphtha (C6-C7 ) as feedstock. Volume of the available light naphtha is expected to continue to increase due to the growth of light shale oil in U.S.
How It's Transported
Our benzene is transported via marine, primarily inland barges but a limited quantity is transported by pipeline. We do not ship benzene in tank cars or tank trucks.
What It's Used For
Benzene is an industrial chemical that has many commercial uses, and demand continues to grow despite increasing restrictions and environmental regulations. Creation of styrene monomer is the largest use of benzene, followed by cumene/phenol, cyclohexane, and nitrobenzene. Those derivatives are used to produce a wide range of plastics, fibers, resins and films. Benzene is also used as a major part of gasoline, and is an excellent solvent for waxes, resins, gums, rubber and various other organic materials, but toxicological properties greatly limit use.
Justin Pribble - Phone: 832-813-4678