Firefighter Training


    Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP offers two grades of E-III® Fire Training Fluids (FTF). With special live fire training fluids like E-III® FTFs, field training officers can produce a challenging training scenario that is both safer for firefighters and the environment than traditional fuels. They also have the ability to simulate moving and cascading engine-fuel fires that are typical in marine, chemical processing and refinery environments.


    Aviation Grade
    The E-III® Aviation Grade FTFs can be used to accurately simulate aircraft training for the aviation industry. Additionally, the product emits no detectable vapors until heated and complies with NFPA 30 Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code.

    Industrial Grade
    The E-III® Industrial Grade FTF is useful for chemical plant training by refineries, port authorities, municipalities and live fire training schools that may require training for hydrocarbon fires.  


    Burn Characteristics

    When E-III® FTFs are burned, they initially create a signature smoke that assists in fire detection and in determining wind direction.  As the product burns, the smoke becomes clearer and dissipates more readily, creating a training environment that is more neighbor-friendly than traditional fire training fuels. The radiant heat of an E-III® FTF fire exceeds 700 °F and when aerated through nozzles and under pressure, burns similarly to a ruptured fuel line.  


    Safety Features

    Because E-III® FTF will not mix with water, protective clothing that is wet will not absorb the product.  This reduces risk and provides increased safety for firefighters. When multiple training fires are planned, water is an acceptable extinguishing agent. The high flash point of the E-III® Aviation Grade FTF lends itself to safer operations since it has not been shown to generate pockets of unstable, flammable gas during training operations. 


    Environmental Benefits 

    E-III® FTF combustion emissions contain lower levels of carcinogens, benzene, formaldehyde, heavy metals and particulates (or particulate matter) than do the emissions from traditional fuels. Additionally, E-III® FTFs emit no detectable odors until heated and contain less than 10 ppm sulfur. Both E-III® FTFs and their unburned residues are stable and non-corrosive.  E-III® Aviation Grade FTFs emits no detectable vapors until heated and also comply with NFPA 30 Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code. 

    Using FTFs can result in cleaner runoff water after surface burns, and pits and mock-ups may become cleaner because of the products’ ability to burn off existing residuals. Prop structures used for fire simulations can also become cleaner when using E-III® FTFs than when burning gasoline or diesel fuel.


    Airborne Emissions Testing

    The combustion products of E-III® FTFs were analyzed and compared to those generated by the combustion of a 60:40 diesel/gasoline blend. Both volatile organic carbon (VOC) and particulate matter (soot) were measured quantitatively. All testing was performed by Horizon Air Measurement Services, Inc., 996 Lawrence Drive, Suite 108, Newbury Park, CA 91320. Horizon has been certified by California’s South Coast Air Quality Management District for a variety of environmental testing methods


    Test Procedure

    A two-fluid-ounce sample of the product under test is poured into the bottom of a flat pan and immediately ignited using a fireplace match. Data are gathered until the flame self-extinguishes and no significant volume of volatile organic carbon (VOC) is being emitted. For the products tested, this data collection time was approximately three minutes. Volatile organic carbon was measured with a Ratfisch RS55CA total hydrocarbon analyzer with a flame ionization detector. VOCs are reported as methane. Particulate matter was collected on glass fiber filters and the particulate mass was measured by weighing. Each product was evaluated in three replicate test runs and the results represent the average of those three runs.


    All E-III® Fire Training Fluids emit less particulate matter and fewer VOCs than does the 60:40 diesel/gasoline blend.  The high burn temperature of E-III® Fire Training Fluids results in greater combustion to CO2 and contributes to particulate matter that dissipates readily.

    Comparison With Other Traditional Fuels

    The combustion of E-III® Fire Training Fluids makes them much less likely to contribute to specific environmental pollutants than fuels commonly used in live fire training.


    When compared to traditional fossil fuels, the use of E-III® Fire Training Fluids as training fuels can result in considerable cost savings because:

    • Up to 30% less E-III® Fire Training Fluid is required to produce an accurate fire simulation.

    • Unburned product remains stable and can easily be recovered and reused.

    • Fuel/water separators remain cleaner, resulting in reduced maintenance costs.

    • E-III® Fire Training Fluid fires are controllable by water, reducing extinguisher chemical and foam requirements.

    • Protective clothing that has been pre-wetted will not absorb E-III® Fire Training Fluid, reducing clothing cleaning costs.

    For more information and details, please contact us.